A D V O C A T E S F R E E D O M B L O G
PART 2 OF 2
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In the spirit of Kingian principles of non-violent social change pioneered by Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., this webpage presents a legally-defensible case to abolish an altered state of slavery by addiction and incarceration of persons using marijuana while offending - nearly 15% of those under the control of the criminal justice system. Legalization of marijuana merely helps pot businesses while contributing to the costly cycle of violence, drug abuse-related mental illness, crime, and exploitation promoted by unconstitutional anti-controlled substance marijuana laws and ballot measures that are too costly for citizens Marijuana businesses, pot plantations and drug dealers who are personally liable to citizen victims irreparably harmed under the appearance of lawfulness by those who systematically ignore the federal Food and Drug Administration approved cannabis pill process. The FDA protects citizens from hundreds of harmful interactions marijuana has with other drugs and many "dangerous" interactions.
State marijuana anti-controlled substance legalization laws clearly violate federal criminal law, health law, and constitutional Equal Protection, Due Process, and Supremacy Clause law - as well as federal racketeering laws, banking laws, and state drug dealer liability act laws. Just as the Supreme Court found racial discrimination perpetrated by the Topeka Board of Education caused by an "inherently unequal" state laws state anti-controlled substance marijuana laws rip right through equal protection of the FDA laws. The illegal state action must be challenged as a civil rights violation for a failure to protect public health and safety and constitutional rights equally across state lines in the same way that the Plaintiff in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka won at the U.S. Supreme Court. As citizens understand and protect their legal rights, the outcome of this battle against illegal and catastrophic anti-controlled substance marijuana laws will have a decisive impact on education, respect for the law and freedom for the youth of the Americas.
Advocates Legal Services envisions the end of "legalized" uncontrolled marijuana V.I.C.E. -- Violence, Illness (mental and lung as with tobacco), Crime, and Exploitation (economic fraud, sexual assault, elder and child abuse and neglect). Stand together in non-violent social change, to save lives where there are dangerous drug interactions with marijuana ignored by non-FDA-approved state laws and where marijuana promotes the cycle of domestic violence marijuana / drug lethality factor in domestic violence cases, and Abolish Reactive Marijuana-Related Slavery (A.R.M.S.) today. The 13th Amendment rule against slavery - having a little known exception for the "duly convicted" - will be consumed by the exception more and more in many of America's most distressed communities if the state marijuana legalization laws are not found unconstitutional. The state marijuana legalization laws of the modern era rip right through FDA rules, racketeering and drug dealer liability act laws, as well as the U.S. Constitution's Due Process / Equal Protection / Federal Supremacy clauses.
"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." - Declaration of Independence
Through educating youthful citizens and residents of all ages about their rights and responsibilities, each responsible adult can teach youth and their families about the critical need to avoid getting in trouble with the law, to think differently, to avoid bad influences from friend or foe, and to act with civility and respect for the law. When you change your mind, you can change your world and realize your dreams.
The debate about constitutional "slavery" for the "duly convicted" that is a stigma that is almost never discussed is worth having if it creates more knowledge of the constitution, less chronic disproportionate minority representation in the criminal justice system, more freedom and liberty for all.
Marijuana Facts: Points to Remember from NIH
- Marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant.
- The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC and other related compounds.
- People use marijuana by smoking, eating, drinking, or inhaling it.
- Smoking and vaping THC-rich extracts from the marijuana plant (a practice called dabbing) is on the rise.
- THC overactivates certain brain cell receptors, resulting in effects such as:
- altered senses
- changes in mood
- impaired body movement
- difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
- impaired memory and learning
- Marijuana use can have a wide range of health effects, including:
- hallucinations and paranoia
- breathing problems
- possible harm to a fetus's brain in pregnant women
- The amount of THC in marijuana has been increasing steadily in recent decades, creating more harmful effects in some people.
- Marijuana use can cause some very uncomfortable side effects, such as anxiety and paranoia and, in rare cases, extreme psychotic reactions.
- Marijuana use can lead to a substance use disorder, which can develop into an addiction in severe cases.
- No medications are currently available to treat marijuana use disorder, but behavioral support can be effective.
NIH: How Does Marijuana Affect a Person's Life?
ARMS welcomes the marijuana law debate to reduce pot-related damage to society. This debate will continue after the next ballot measure. Vast marijuana harms include increased risk of health hazards and early entry into the altered state of slavery in prisons under the "duly convicted" clause of the anti-slavery amendment exception in the Constitution. The historic incarceration rates are affected by constantly growing numbers of people damaged by reported marijuana use causing untold social and public health instability. The only economic gainers of legal pot are those in the marijuana business. Marijuana is a money pit for the rest of society. To fight for freedom we need to be vigilant, ever cognizant of the societal devastations marijuana presents.
To protect health, safety and reduce marijuana drug user spin-off crime and mass incarcerations, laws must prohibit marijuana acording to federal law. The spread of marijuana plantations is a catastrophe. The USA's major economic rival and the principal repository of thousands of former Midwest manufacturing jobs exported abroad, China, smartly outlawed marijuana decades ago. Since doing so, they became the world's second greatest economic power and, according to one measure in mid-2016 were temporarily ranked the world's largest economy.Due to the drug crisis in the USA, the lives of Americans and their sacred fortunes are in a perilous place. Legalizing marijuana endangers quality of life. The foul odor and hazards of marijuana smoke alone are as bad or worse than tobacco; the altered mental state pot use causes undermines personal security, civic freedom, shared stable economic opportunity, and family stability. Protect those at risk, including vulnerable crime victims, children and youth, from new predatory pot plantations. Marijuana use is a lethality factor in domestic violence cases and prison slavery facilities where deaths occur too often. Marijuana legalization shreds the fabric of the American ideals of peace, tranquility and happiness.NEW YORK TIMES STORY:
1. A third of the parents in state prison reported committing their current offense while under the influence of drugs. Parents were most likely to report the influence of cocaine-based drugs (16%) and marijuana (15%) while committing their crime. About equal percentages of parents in state prison reported the use of opiates (6%) and stimulates (5%) at the time of their offense, while 2% used depressants or hallucinogens.
2. Thirty-two percent of mothers in state prison reported committing their crime to get drugs or money for drugs, compared to 19% of fathers.
Source: BJS, Incarcerated Parents and Their Children, NCJ 182335, August 2000.
3. Jail inmates
Of inmates held in jail, only convicted offenders were asked if they had used drugs at the time of the offense. In 2002, 29% of convicted inmates reported they had used illegal drugs at the time of the offense. Marijuana and cocaine or crack were the most common drugs convicted inmates said they had used at the time of the offense --
- 14% had used marijuana in 2002.
- 11% had used cocaine or crack.
4. Marijuana (10%) was the most commonly used drug among probationers at the time of the offense.
5. Two-thirds of Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) offenders on probation reported using drugs in the past. Among DWI probationers, marijuana (65%) and stimulants (29%) were the most commonly used drugs.
6. Seventeen percent of those on probation reported drug use in the month prior to arrest.
Prior drug use reported by probationers
Percent of probationers
Level of prior drug use
DWI offenders or Other offenders
Ever used drugs 67.9%
Ever used Marijuana 69.9%
7. Of those inmates held in local jails, only convicted offenders were asked if they had used drugs in the time leading up to their current offense. In 2002, 55% of convicted jail inmates reported they had used illegal drugs during the month before their offense, unchanged from 1996.
- marijuana use in the month before the offense increased from 36% to 37%;
- stimulants increased from 10% to 11%; and
- cocaine or crack use decreased from 23% to 21%.
8. A higher percentage of jail inmates in 2002 than in 1996 reported regular drug use (used drugs at least once a week for at least a month).
Source: BJS, Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002, NCJ 209588, July 2005.
9. In 2004 state prisoner reports of lifetime drug use stayed at 83%, while federal inmates rose to 79%. This increase was mostly due to a rise in the percentage of federal prisoners reporting prior use of marijuana (from 53% in 1991 to 71% in 2004).
10. The proportion of state prison inmates reporting the past use of cocaine or crack declined slightly between 1997 (49%) and 2004 (47%). Marijuana use (78%) remained stable since 1997 (77%), and remained the most commonly used drug.
11. Although the proportion of federal prisoners held for drug offenses dropped from 63% in 1997 to 55% in 2004, the percentage of all federal inmates who reported using drugs in the month before the offense rose from 45% to 50%.
12. Drug use by state prisoners, 1997 and 2004
Percent of inmates who had ever used drugs
Type of drug2004 / 1997
Any drug 83% / 83%
Marijuana78% / 77%
13. Percent of parents in state prison who used drugs in the month before the current offense, 1997:
14. In 2013, the rate of current marijuana use was higher for males than females aged 12 to 17 (7.9 vs. 6.2 percent),
15. Among youths aged 12 to 17, the rate of substance dependence or abuse among males was not different from the rate among females in 2011 (6.9 percent for each)."
Since 1995 the total number of male prisoners has grown 34%; the number of female prisoners, 57%.
17. At yearend 2005, 1 in every 1,538 women and 1 in every 108 men were incarcerated in a State or Federal prison.
18. The nation’s prisons held approximately 744,200 fathers and 65,600 mothers at midyear 2007.
19. Midyear 2007, fathers in prison reported having 1,559,200 children; mothers reported 147,400.
Since 1991, the number of children with a mother in prison has more than doubled, up 131%.
21. Since 1991, the number of children with a father in prison has grown by 77%.
22. There is a trend since 1991 that reflects a faster rate of growth in the number of mothers held in state and federal prisons (up 122%), compared to the number of fathers (up 76%) between 1991 and midyear 2007.
23. Of the estimated 74 million children in the U.S. resident population who were under age 18 on July 1, 2007, 2.3% had a parent in prison. Black children (6.7%) were seven and a half times more likely than white children (0.9%) to have a parent in prison. Hispanic children (2.4%) were more than two and a half times more likely than white children to have a parent in prison.
More than 70 percent of women in prison have children.
26. Even before a mother’s arrest and separation from the family unit, many children will have experienced emotional hardship associated with parental substance abuse and economic instability.
27. While a parent is incarcerated they may suffer additional trauma, anxiety, guilt, shame and fear.
28. More than half of mothers in prison have no visits with their children for the duration of their time behind bars.
29. Children are generally subject to instability and uncertainly while their mothers [or fathers] are imprisoned.
30. Due to drugs and crime, victims suffer and people die including people in custody. Source: https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=atoz#d
See Index A-Z at D topics below.