FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Updated November 29, 2018
Contact: On Call Attorney (313) 559-6833
MARIJUANA LEGALIZATION ASSAILED FOR VAST UNREPORTED VICTIMIZATIONS, $71 BILLION IN DAMAGE TO MICHIGAN AND CALIFORNIA CITIZENS, TIES TO REAL CITIZEN SLAVERY
There is an escalating altered state of 13th Amendment slavery, and the legalization of marijuana is not a part of the solution, but a part of the problem. Advocates Legal Services (ALS) asked a state bar Champion of Justice Jeffrey G. Nutt, Abolish ReaL Marijuana-Business Slavery (ARMS) Chief Counsel, and One University www.UnitedInstitute.org Dean, to explain the compelling need to stop legalization of recreational marijuana, due to catastrophic family tragedy and community damage contributing to a historic rise in mass incarceration that can be known as slavery for the "duly convicted" under the U.S. Constitution. Citizen personal injury slavery victims suffer due to an altered type of pot slavery as they were on pot highs at the time of their offenses then lost their freedom; other Citizen victims of untold numbers of reported crimes and unreported injuries and unresolved crimes suffer in silence at the hands of the new plantations, non-FDA-approved pot businesses.
California and Michigan failed thus far to calculate the huge financial damages of inevitable tobacco-like settlements for marijuana companies based on their market share liability, like pharmaceutical company liability cases - or calculate the reactive marijuana-related 13th Amendment enslavement costs to a person's life due to exposure to marijuana at the time of their offense. The pot advocates fail to count the cost of the reactive marijuana-related 13th Amendment personal injury slavery damages to Citizens including at least 15,000 Michigan Citizens - and 56,700 California Citizens - who were high upon arrest, and are now enslaved under the "duly convicted" clause of the 13th Amendment.
A Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) study found 14% of convicted prisoners had used marijuana at the time of their offense - a higher percentage than for any other drug. With 41,000 Michigan prisoners and 70,000 offenders under the control of the state criminal justice parole system, the number of prisoners and ex-prisoners who used marijuana at the time of their offense is 15,400 based on the BJS statistical ratio.
If the calculated cost of the harm of personal 13th Amendment "duly convicted" slavery damage, that is a reaction in part to a pot high, is $1 Million per year per person for the 15,400 Michigan Citizen exposed to marijuana while offending, then the combined personal injury slavery damages due to reactive marijuana-related 13th Amendment slavery for those Citizens offending while high, who used marijuana at the time of ALL offenses, would be a staggering $15 billion per year in personal injury slavery damages. This far exceeds the Governor of California's projected $11 billion pot revenue calculation. Decriminalization will increase the frequency and intensity of ALL other criminal offenses while high whether prosecuted or not.
In California, the number of prisoners, approximately 285,000, and probationers under the control of the criminal justice system, an estimated 120,000, totals around 405,000 offenders and returning Citizens. With 14% high on pot at the time of their offense or 56,700 suffering $1,000,000 per year per person in personal slave injury damages, the California Citizens Offending While High (COW High) damage calculation is $56,700,000,000 - that is more than $56 billion that is just a portion of the costly reaction to marijuana-related slavery damages to the Citizens of California.
Pot legalization advocates too often ignore astronomical costs of vast numbers of untold reactive marijuana-related 13th Amendment prison enslavements of prisoners affected by marijuana use prior to arrest. Also ignored are escalating smoking health harm costs, civil liability tobacco-like settlement pot-settlement litigation costs, historically high prison system costs affected by high offenders, and costs suffered by students, schools, and victims of often under-reported fraud, economic exploitation, and family and sexual violence. Except for a patient prescribed the new FDA-approved marijuana pill, the only beneficiaries of legalization of pot, according to a New York Times abstract on this page, are those involved in the marijuana business.
Why not count the costs of reactive marijuana-related harms to students who stop out of school or lag behind peers due to pot highs limiting memory or triggering amotivational syndrome - and count the growing pot high-related costs to many patients, and to many unreimbursed health care providers and hospitals after EMS or 911-related interventions? Kids are now vaping marijuana at alarming rates affecting their developing brains.
Pot legalization is linked to untold other law-related harms. These harms deserve strict scrutiny at a defining moment, as the 2018 National Health Centers Week finished last week. Said Detroit Branch NAACP General Counsel Chui Karega, regarding the legalization of recreational marijuana ballot proposal, "I am totally against it."
Of the more than 100 marijuana-related crimes examined by ARMS, 74 are classic examples of drug-related fraud and exploitation crimes unreported to the police. Police were so busy shutting down 37 unlicensed marijuana businesses on Eight Mile Road, that there was not enough resources or time to contact those harmed by the illegal businesses. Who knows if the 30-plus rat poison-laced marijuana crime victims in 2018 north of there filed a police report, as they were likely too busy trying to save their own lives in emergency rooms. Due to the strains on health and safety related to legal marijuana, such as those in the New York Times abstract on the Colorado story below, vast numbers of injuries occur with legalizing pot. A vast number of unreported first responder interventions are ignored in much of the debate over the statistics on the impact of marijuana legalization on crime and health. Victims are too often too traumatized, ashamed, or intimidated to report. As noted on this page, the cry of the children is unheard.
One primary care physician who delivered hundreds of babies saw many traumatized parents in crisis due to pot use during pregnancy. Their babies were delivered after marijuana exposure while in utero then separated from their babies by the state. Unlike lead poisoning that damages far too many brains of the young, whose risk of juvenile delinquency is a real and present danger if not treated timely, drug affected babies suffer from harm defined by law as child abuse or neglect requiring the state to take custody immediately. Once separated, it is as if the parents are presumed guilty because the welfare of a child is at stake. Too many marijuana users present at medical clinics with signs and symptoms of amotivational syndrome, a type of illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
From a socioeconomic perspective, drugs are big business. Marijuana plantations harm people of all colors and incomes. Liberty, life, and pursuing happiness requires health and the six necessities of life: air, water, food, shelter, clothing, and security. Marijuana legalization undermines the basic necessities of air and personal security, and chronic pot use can easily unravel relationships on which food, shelter, and even clothing and personal hygiene depend. Why did so-called "world class" cities from Paris to San Francisco to Seattle struggle to stop so many drug-affected persons from urinating or leaving their deposits or needles on the streets in 2018? They are soft on drug enforcement to the detriment of their citizens who are the most vulnerable to enslavement in an altered state, or altered state of mind. In the words of one ARMS advocate, ALS Chief Counsel Jeffrey G. Nutt, "A mind high on pot is a tragic waste of potential talent."
The lives of the free and the enslaved matter, including a growing number of "duly convicted" prisoners with inhumane sentences. Lawlessness and serious mistakes can lead to an altered state of slavery by addiction or behind bars. Stop the lawlessness triggered by reactive drug-related mistakes too often resulting in family tragedy, school stop-outs, major injuries, and inhumane sentences.
The pardon by the President of ex-drug offender Alice Marie Johnson was due to her inhumane sentence. Some would say we need to debate whether - in addition to novel concepts like lawyer Mark Levin's 11 Liberty Amendments - we should propose a 12th Liberty Amendment. That is, simply an amendment regarding the original inhumane reference to excluding Native Americans as being considered "persons" and counting "other persons" [referring to the enslaved] as "3/5ths" of a person. The amendment would call for that provision to be "hereby and forever redlined" on all future versions of the Constitution. The red would symbolize the blood that was shed to finally create - in the words of the Pledge of Allegiance - "One Nation under God with liberty and justice for all." Lock arms with your honorary brothers and sisters in this debate. The outcome of the debate will have a decisive impact on our shared quest for a better future.
POT USE 13TH AMENDMENT SLAVERY TRENDS AND PLANTATIONS ASSAILED, THE CRY OF THE CHILDREN FOR ABOLITION
By Jeffrey G. Nutt, J.D.
This story may be reproduced in its entirety and edited for brevity or clarity.
"There's no hope on dope. You lose on booze. You choke on smoke." - Jerry Maisano
Abolish Real Marijuana-Business Slavery (ARMS), a division of the Advocates Legal Services medico-legal group, fights marijuana legalization and pot use spin-off damage. A tip of the marijuana devastations are the 37 fraud crimes and 37 economic exploitation crimes perpetrated in the recent past as reported in 2018 here on one city street - Eight Mile Road. There, 37 illegal marijuana dispensaries were shut down by the City Law Department, according to the Detroit Free Press. Next, another media outlet reported that over 30 marijuana victim-users were made gravely ill from rat poison-laced marijuana. The silent victims of pot use spin-off damage are silent no more. The Green Acres Woodward Civic Association is demanding that city zoning laws be changed to address the problem on Eight Mile from Telegraph Road to Kelley Road on one of America's most well-known boulevards. Are the 37 defunct illegal dispensaries in one city alone going to be resurrected damaging communities of all colors and incomes if recreational marijuana is legalized? Marijuana plantation dispensaries will flourish. A plantation is a land estate where resident laborers cultivate crops for sale like sugar, marijuana, or tobacco.
Reactive marijuana-related mass prison incarceration is real based on the impact of marijuana on victims of crime and drug users and real, spin-off incarceration that is clearly referred to as a type of slavery under a "duly convicted" provision of the U.S. Constitution. Marijuana use results in far too much crime, violence, youth addiction leading to getting in trouble with the law, dropping out of school or becoming pregnant too soon. The family and community tragedies also include human trafficking, rampant sexual assault, and educational and family decay. The USA fought a civil war to end slavery or at least reduce it to an irreducible minimum reserved only for the "duly convicted". Marijuana-affected mass incarcerations of "duly convicted" prison slaves, however, can rip right through the best principle of the landmark civil war era anti-slavery Constitutional amendments.
The U.S. Constitution rule against slavery is at risk of being consumed by the "duly convicted" exception in the 13th Amendment. Now, new abolitionists who believe in law and order in America are sounding an alarm. Marijuana is not just a lethality factor in domestic violence cases, but also a factor in the crime statistics of prisoners who report using marijuana in the 30 days immediately before they entered jail or prison. See the statistics below on this page. They may also be considered under Constitutional law to have entered "slavery" for the "duly convicted" even if not cognizant of it. Until and unless they are free and have paid their debt to society - they need hope. When we face unspeakable pain and personal tragedy - which all will encounter at some point - we must determine to become better, not bitter.
The ARMS Midwest medico-legal advocacy group opposes legalizing marijuana due to pot's real spin-off devastations including massive young talent waste. Why vote to legalize pot use that makes one or loved ones act with self-destructive behavior or that renders one unable to function like the smart, successful person you aspire to be? Not a single U.S. president promoted recreational marijuana legalization despite many opportunities to do so. More than 70,000 factories in America closed as marijuana laws loosened in some states in the past few decades. A substantial number of the factories were relocated to China just after their country outlawed marijuana. The Opium Wars' addiction epidemic precipitated China's "Lost Century". And now, the USA battles its own opioid crisis.
Pot use causes unstable or unpredictable behavior, ie: unnaturally slow or retarded response times like the times drawing Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) charges on the road on one hand or with conduct at home becoming of a mad or fanatical person on the other? Too many people fail miserably in personal attempts to mask or self-treat undiagnosed, untreated depression with alcohol and street drugs. Addiction is rampant and a cause of the opioid crisis, reducing life expectancy in some countries. Adult children of Greek and American billionaires died of drug overdoses in Cleveland and Troy Detroit Marriott hotels in 2018. 70,000 Americans died of overdoses in one year. As Jerry Maisano says,"There's no hope on dope. You lose on booze. You choke on smoke."
Millions of urinalyses drops forced upon criminal suspects and ex-offenders prove marijuana, also known as cannabis, is a prison slavery factor among America's 2 million prisoners. The writer co-founded Detroit's first full-service law office for children and their families and Michigan's first legal aid-based Victims of Crime Act program. The Detroit Police Department later decided to share space with the Child & Family Advocacy Center of Neighborhood Legal Services Michigan (NLSM). According to a call from City Council I received at NLMS in 2006, the organization provides more of the legal services that the citizens of Detroit truly need than any other legal aid program. The writer, an attorney, handled a real child protection case there where a parent's second hand marijuana smoke kept sickening the child. We administered 50 law-related after school programs and were the only legal service program in the USA to administer HUD Homeless Continuum of Care grants. NLSM trains law students and trained child advocates, including a group of rehabilitated ex-offenders as paralegal advocates to win thousands of dollars of disability benefits for adults, children and seniors. Some U.S. Social Security judges will deny a claim, however, due to medical marijuana they call "cannabis abuse."
More expungements of records upon release from incarceration is needed so ex-offenders can rapidly re-enter the workforce to become productive and not remain "on trial" due to a criminal record the rest of their lives. To paraphrase the Scriptural axiom, he who has not needed a second chance to apply for work should cast the first stone.
Regarding medical marijuana: This, too, is also increasingly a crime factor in serious offenses. The number of physicians charged with drug offenses led to changes in the state medical licensure rules. Patients share their prescriptions with friends and family. "Cannabis abuse" is any medical or other marijuana use and listed as drug abuse under federal law. Youth are more likely to experiment with marijuana if they see it in their home and are vulnerable to second hand marijuana smoke that is just as bad as tobacco smoke. Using pot too often shifts the pot user's burdens of coping with stress to others, including their kids and their kids' grandparents, aunts, uncles, and schools. In one of the Midwest's largest counties, more than 20,000 grandparents are now legal guardians.
Michigan's Holmes Youthful Trainee Act allows youthful drug offenders to be diverted to the health care system; marijuana law offenders can request sealing of the record, expungement or new laws to do that more easily - without legalization of marijuana.
Marijuana is a crime factor in all sorts of crimes, as noted in statistics elsewhere on this ARMS page. Marijuana is too often linked to violence and sexual assault, including deadly shootings such as the murder-suicide of a family of four (4) adults in 2018 in Oakland County, Michigan. Three (3) of their four (4) bodies tested positive for marijuana.
Decriminalization of marijuana ignores the harm factor that will escalate nearly every other major crime, accelerate educational and family decay, and increase arrests of serious offenses and real legal prison slavery of the "duly convicted." Law enforcement must do more to also stop illegal slavery in the form of trafficking. We need to educate youth about the risk of legal slavery post-arrest to encourage total cooperation with law enforcement - and to increase awareness of trafficking of addicted users. Intellectually alert, trained youth can stop illegal shootings, increase graduation rates, and find their drug-free family. Stop legalization of pot, end marijuana use damage, and curtail the tragedy of mass legalized prison slavery. It's the smartest way forward for you and your loved ones to achieve your dreams.
Gifted singer songwriter John Denver, an admitted pot user, entered a DWI guilty plea. After a second DWI dismissed charge was reopened, he flew a plane to his early tragic death after the FAA revoked his medical clearance. Let us stop the marijuana train wreck, love our neighbor with the open ARMS of justice and freedom, and embrace the late songwriters’ lyric in which he penned the cry of the children of his generation and ours, “Come and stand beside us, we can find a better way.”
ABOLITIONISTS CALL TO STOP POT LEGALIZATION AND MASS SLAVERY OF THE 'DULY CONVICTED' THAT IS IN PART A REACTION TO DRUG USE
by Jeffrey G. Nutt, J.D.
This story may be reprinted in its entirety or with edits for clarity and brevity.
Abolish Real Marijuana-Business Slavery (ARMS) Midwest, a medico-legal Advocates Legal Services (ALS) group, calls upon personal, medical and legal advocates, and victims of marijuana or of users, to be a voice for the non-violent fight for life, liberty and freedom. People of all colors, incomes, and beliefs need to stop pot legalization now if we are to pursue the happiness that our ancestors fought, bled and died for. The Life expectancy of young and old, rich and poor, is declining for the first time in decades with historic increases in drug overdoses in every state.
Pot victim spin-off harms include the many legal and medical harms documented in the statistics on this ARMS page, below. Marijuana use is a lethality factor in domestic violence cases, including many of the 10,000 personal protection order petitions filed in one county annually, Wayne County, as well as human trafficking. Marijuana use increases risks of child protective services family separation due to neglect or abuse, and family and educational decay.
The pot purveyors and growing number of marijuana plantation owners ignore the nexus that is replete in the Bureau of Criminal Justice Statistics data between marijuana use and criminal justice. Also ignored is the legally lethal "duly convicted" clause of the 13th Amendment legalizing prison slavery which is partially related to drug use. Two thirds of the homeless, including formerly homeless prisoners, have been drug users or are dually diagnosed.
Many thousands of able-bodied prisoners reported using marijuana 30 days before their incarceration, including a disproportionate number of veterans. More than 1,000,000 prisoners are parents with children; an incarcerated mom rarely sees her kids. Though civility and respect for the law are paramount, too many ex-offenders go to hospitals or graves too soon. My most recent Uber driver in Chicago, from Guinea, Africa, offered a sobering assessment what leads offenders to perpetrate horrendous crime and violence in some Chicago neighborhoods. She said, "They are bored. They are drinking and smoking weed all day." If one thing could be done differently to stop the violence, she stated, "They need to get a job!"
Speaker, author, and former Los Angeles gang leader Joseph Jennings wrote "Prisoner of the American Dream" after surviving 13 gun shot wounds. The Wisconsin founder of Turning Point, inspired people of all colors and incomes to defy the odds when he spoke in Detroit and suburban St. Clair Shores. He said, "No" to drugs, and "Yes" to thinking smart, and remaining kind and calm for a changed life. And now, Abolish Real Marijuana-Business Slavery (ARMS) seeks to inspire ex-gang members and pot users of all colors and incomes to stand for change, think smarter, and fight for peace, justice and their rightful place at the prosperous table of American civil society. Napoleon Hill wrote in his best-selling Think and Grow Rich work that it takes the same amount of effort to be poor as it does to be rich.
Modern abolitionists oppose the historically high prison slavery rates due in part to increased marijuana use increasing the risk of unspeakable cannabis abuse personal and relationship pain and pot-affected community and family collateral damage. This includes medical marijuana for the reasons described on this page above and ballot measures to legalize pot. The ARMS leadership agrees with the underlying rationale for the cannabis pill recently approved by the FDA which now obviates a need for state medical marijuana law. The FDA properly classifies the FDA-approved marijuana pill as a federally-controlled substance available with a prescription at a pharmacy.
The spin-off damage from marijuana use increases risks of personal tragedies such as sexual assault and gang, gun, and domestic violence. Despite the anti-slavery 13th Amendment, slavery for the "duly convicted" is a lawful exception to the rule, affecting many of the 2 million prisoners in the nation today. The Michigan Department of Corrections can be called the Michigan Department of Corrections Enslavement Prevention due to its stated goals to end recidivism.
The general public may only use registered guns or lawful deadly weapons in self-defense when in imminent danger of death or serious bodily injury. You will be treated just like a criminal if you make a mistake with a gun, defend property with a gun or shoot someone in the back. Safe and legal training is key.
Pot is a lethality factor in domestic violence cases. The pot debate is not over whether we will legalize marijuana despite the harms of medical marijuana including, but not limited to, dealer arrests, exposing kids to pot and smoke at home, and "cannabis abuse" denials of Social Security claims filed by pot users with medical cards. The pot debate is also about whether states will choose to "smart freedom." Smart freedom is based on laws that do not expose one or loved ones to inevitable pot pits, cesspools of debauchery, depravity and mind-altering states of intellectual poverty. Mind altering drugs like marijuana making it impossible for one to adequately defend oneself every second of every moment of their drugging. Who is the guardian of the pot user 24/7? We already have one county with about 20,000 children being raised by grandparent guardians - Wayne County. A vote to legalize pot is a vote to shift the damage causing unspeakable pain and personal tragedy to seniors or their grandchildren or other relative caregivers if not foster care paid for by hard working taxpayers including disabled workers. A physician walked out of a Kroger last month stating to me, "There were four (4) disabled workers in that store and too many healthy people just waiting for money" supported by the disabled workers like those at the Kroger.
There was a battle over pot legalization in China decades ago. After pot was outlawed, their economy rose to become second only to the United States. And now, they aspire to surpass the USA. Canada’s legalization of pot in 2018 was a defeat for youth and families – the exact opposite national strategy of China, which prohibits marijuana. The outcome of the USA pot debate will have a decisive impact on rates of parent-chid separation by the state and rates of violent crime, school stop outs, human trafficking, sexual assault and prison slavery. Marijuana is a risk factor for kids dropping out of school, getting in trouble with the law, and becoming teen parents. Child support orders are issued against absent teen parents and parents of incarcerated teens are billed for the costs of detaining their kids in juvenile detention or prison.
A death march survivor I represented taught me a lesson embodied in the words of a Terre Haute, IN hero who survived a death camp. The Indianan believed that no matter how hard, you need to forgive others - "even your worst enemy" whether they must be prosecuted or not. Personal forgiveness is a paradigm shift that brings true liberation and peace of mind. When you change your thinking, you change your life. ARMS envision a new era of change - of smart freedom from the marijuana crime factor. ARMS calls for the abolition of mass drug-affected incarceration of, and all illegal trafficking of, the enslaved.
Based on the current Michigan Juvenile Justice Reform Law that made it legal for a juvenile court to charge a child as an adult at any age for any crime - and probably due to the child poverty rates in severely distressed neighborhoods - a prominent rights group in London, England once declared the Midwest's second largest city the toughest city in the industrialized world for a child to be raised. Detroit is where I was born. My sister once accused me of trying to save Detroit, save the world when I directed a legal aid program serving more than 10,000 Detroit residents annually. We won the nation's first test case filed under a state drug dealer liability act winning thousands of dollars to help five (5) minor homicide victim child survivors. We performed "legal ER" with a health, housing and education twist. With street smarts, we shall stand together, united for peace, justice, inner power and civic freedom.
Spread the word to neighbors, friends and family: Don’t go to pot. Vote no on pot.
POT LEGALIZATION TO INCREASE LEGAL, MEDICAL RISKS AND PERSONAL PROBLEMS
by Jeffrey G. Nutt, J.D.
This story may be reprinted in its entirety or with edits for clarity and brevity.
Marijuana Facts: Points to Remember from NIH
- Marijuana refers to the dried leaves, flowers, stems, and seeds from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant.
- The plant contains the mind-altering chemical THC and other related compounds.
- People use marijuana by smoking, eating, drinking, or inhaling it.
- Smoking and vaping THC-rich extracts from the marijuana plant (a practice called dabbing) is on the rise.
- THC overactivates certain brain cell receptors, resulting in effects such as:
- altered senses
- changes in mood
- impaired body movement
- difficulty with thinking and problem-solving
- impaired memory and learning
- Marijuana use can have a wide range of health effects, including:
- hallucinations and paranoia
- breathing problems
- possible harm to a fetus's brain in pregnant women
- The amount of THC in marijuana has been increasing steadily in recent decades, creating more harmful effects in some people.
- Marijuana use can cause some very uncomfortable side effects, such as anxiety and paranoia and, in rare cases, extreme psychotic reactions.
- Marijuana use can lead to a substance use disorder, which can develop into an addiction in severe cases.
- No medications are currently available to treat marijuana use disorder, but behavioral support can be effective.
NIH: How Does Marijuana Affect a Person's Life?
ARMS welcomes the marijuana law debate to reduce pot-related damage to society. This debate will continue after the next ballot measure. Vast marijuana harms include increased risk of health hazards and early entry into the altered state of slavery in prisons under the "duly convicted" clause of the anti-slavery amendment exception in the Constitution. The historic incarceration rates are affected by constantly growing numbers of people damaged by reported marijuana use causing untold social and public health instability. The only economic gainers of legal pot are those in the marijuana business. Marijuana is a money pit for the rest of society. To fight for freedom we need to be vigilant, ever cognizant of the societal devastations marijuana presents.
To protect health, safety and reduce marijuana drug user spin-off crime and mass incarcerations, laws must prohibit marijuana acording to federal law. The spread of marijuana plantations is a catastrophe. The USA's major economic rival and the principal repository of thousands of former Midwest manufacturing jobs exported abroad, China, smartly outlawed marijuana decades ago. Since doing so, they became the world's second greatest economic power and, according to one measure in mid-2016 were temporarily ranked the world's largest economy.Due to the drug crisis in the USA, the lives of Americans and their sacred fortunes are in a perilous place. Legalizing marijuana endangers quality of life. The foul odor and hazards of marijuana smoke alone are as bad or worse than tobacco; the altered mental state pot use causes undermines personal security, civic freedom, shared stable economic opportunity, and family stability. Protect those at risk, including vulnerable crime victims, children and youth, from new predatory pot plantations. Marijuana use is a lethality factor in domestic violence cases and prison slavery facilities where deaths occur too often. Marijuana legalization shreds the fabric of the American ideals of peace, tranquility and happiness.NEW YORK TIMES STORY:
1. A third of the parents in state prison reported committing their current offense while under the influence of drugs. Parents were most likely to report the influence of cocaine-based drugs (16%) and marijuana (15%) while committing their crime. About equal percentages of parents in state prison reported the use of opiates (6%) and stimulates (5%) at the time of their offense, while 2% used depressants or hallucinogens.
2. Thirty-two percent of mothers in state prison reported committing their crime to get drugs or money for drugs, compared to 19% of fathers.
Source: BJS, Incarcerated Parents and Their Children, NCJ 182335, August 2000.
3. Jail inmates
Of inmates held in jail, only convicted offenders were asked if they had used drugs at the time of the offense. In 2002, 29% of convicted inmates reported they had used illegal drugs at the time of the offense. Marijuana and cocaine or crack were the most common drugs convicted inmates said they had used at the time of the offense --
- 14% had used marijuana in 2002.
- 11% had used cocaine or crack.
4. Marijuana (10%) was the most commonly used drug among probationers at the time of the offense.
5. Two-thirds of Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) offenders on probation reported using drugs in the past. Among DWI probationers, marijuana (65%) and stimulants (29%) were the most commonly used drugs.
6. Seventeen percent of those on probation reported drug use in the month prior to arrest.
Prior drug use reported by probationers
Percent of probationers
Level of prior drug use
DWI offenders or Other offenders
Ever used drugs 67.9%
Ever used Marijuana 69.9%
7. Of those inmates held in local jails, only convicted offenders were asked if they had used drugs in the time leading up to their current offense. In 2002, 55% of convicted jail inmates reported they had used illegal drugs during the month before their offense, unchanged from 1996.
- marijuana use in the month before the offense increased from 36% to 37%;
- stimulants increased from 10% to 11%; and
- cocaine or crack use decreased from 23% to 21%.
8. A higher percentage of jail inmates in 2002 than in 1996 reported regular drug use (used drugs at least once a week for at least a month).
Source: BJS, Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002, NCJ 209588, July 2005.
9. In 2004 state prisoner reports of lifetime drug use stayed at 83%, while federal inmates rose to 79%. This increase was mostly due to a rise in the percentage of federal prisoners reporting prior use of marijuana (from 53% in 1991 to 71% in 2004).
10. The proportion of state prison inmates reporting the past use of cocaine or crack declined slightly between 1997 (49%) and 2004 (47%). Marijuana use (78%) remained stable since 1997 (77%), and remained the most commonly used drug.
11. Although the proportion of federal prisoners held for drug offenses dropped from 63% in 1997 to 55% in 2004, the percentage of all federal inmates who reported using drugs in the month before the offense rose from 45% to 50%.
12. Drug use by state prisoners, 1997 and 2004
Percent of inmates who had ever used drugs
Type of drug2004 / 1997
Any drug 83% / 83%
Marijuana78% / 77%
13. Percent of parents in state prison who used drugs in the month before the current offense, 1997:
14. In 2013, the rate of current marijuana use was higher for males than females aged 12 to 17 (7.9 vs. 6.2 percent),
15. Among youths aged 12 to 17, the rate of substance dependence or abuse among males was not different from the rate among females in 2011 (6.9 percent for each)."
Since 1995 the total number of male prisoners has grown 34%; the number of female prisoners, 57%.
17. At yearend 2005, 1 in every 1,538 women and 1 in every 108 men were incarcerated in a State or Federal prison.
18. The nation’s prisons held approximately 744,200 fathers and 65,600 mothers at midyear 2007.
19. Midyear 2007, fathers in prison reported having 1,559,200 children; mothers reported 147,400.
Since 1991, the number of children with a mother in prison has more than doubled, up 131%.
21. Since 1991, the number of children with a father in prison has grown by 77%.
22. There is a trend since 1991 that reflects a faster rate of growth in the number of mothers held in state and federal prisons (up 122%), compared to the number of fathers (up 76%) between 1991 and midyear 2007.
23. Of the estimated 74 million children in the U.S. resident population who were under age 18 on July 1, 2007, 2.3% had a parent in prison. Black children (6.7%) were seven and a half times more likely than white children (0.9%) to have a parent in prison. Hispanic children (2.4%) were more than two and a half times more likely than white children to have a parent in prison.
More than 70 percent of women in prison have children.
26. Even before a mother’s arrest and separation from the family unit, many children will have experienced emotional hardship associated with parental substance abuse and economic instability.
27. While a parent is incarcerated they may suffer additional trauma, anxiety, guilt, shame and fear.
28. More than half of mothers in prison have no visits with their children for the duration of their time behind bars.
29. Children are generally subject to instability and uncertainly while their mothers [or fathers] are imprisoned.
30. Due to drugs and crime, victims suffer and people die including people in custody. Source: https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=atoz#d
See Index A-Z at D topics below.
Factoids About Jeffrey G. Nutt, J.D., Chief Counsel, Advocates Legal Services
Born in Detroit, Jeffrey G. Nutt sold Fuller Brush products door-to-door in Berkley, MI on Oxford Street to pay for college. He was admitted to Oxford University on a 1986 Fulbright scholarship two (2) years later, his first overseas experience. Earlier, he worked in a Detroit factory, moved 14 times in three (3) years from Detroit, to D.C., to Tulsa to learn, visiting his Chicago family in between each move. At age 21, he had served in all three branches of the federal government, and on the state and international levels. To become one of six American Fulbright scholars at Oxford in early 1986, he worked around the clock at the Office of the Counselor to then Chief Justice of the United States Warren Burger. Nutt overcame life challenging illness with the technology of the orthopedic team of the Chicago Bears and the Chicago White Sox before earning his American University JD. He finished more than ten (10) 5K race walks with the Detroit Free Press Marathon since 2004, once giving the Opening Ceremony invocation for 14,000 racers from 40 nations
The only "Nutt" to win a Fulbright in history, Nutt performed supervised independent research and tutorials at Oxford in European Union law. During law school, he was recruited at the National Public Interest Law Recruitment Conference by the past General Counsel of the Boston Port Authority - Michigan Bar Champion of Justice Linda D. Bernard, J.D., L.L.M. - to help her help Detroit. Nutt would succeed her to direct and grow the only legal services program of its kind in the United States. Nutt was surprised to learn from her in 2001 that he was the only non-minority to be elected executive director in the history of Detroit's Wayne County Neighborhood Legal Services / Neighborhood Legal Services Michigan. Their team served more than 50 schools and communities.
Nutt entered private practice in 2007 and represented individual and business clients in 30 nations. He led the FulbrightLawyer.com, One University of the Americas, LLC (OUA LLC) and the One University of the Americas Fund (OUAF) collaborative to participate in a new online institute www.UnitedUniversity.org with the UnitedInstitute.org World Podcast. He was Oral Roberts University Alumnus of the Year for Distinguished Service to the Community in 2003. In 2007, the state bar named him a Champion of Justice the year he established Jeffrey G. Nutt & Associates, PLLC. He led the Fulbright Association Michigan / Northwest Ohio Chapter from 2014 - 2018.
After meeting at their Washington, D.C. congregation on Capitol Hill, Nutt married Mayra, an OB/GYN from the Troya family of (8) eight U.S.-Puerto Rico-Panama M.D.'s, regarded as the First Family of Medicine of Latin America and the Caribbean. In 2018 Nutt and Mayra celebrated their wedding anniversary with friends in Jordan, Syria, Turkey, and Israel. Earlier, he had won a 1988 Goldman Sachs / United Jewish Endowment Fund scholarship for a summer session in law with Temple University at Tel Aviv University.
With a family by marriage to Mayra having roots in every major world region, Nutt is the son of a Ford Motor Company 2nd Generation Whiz Kid with roots in the Lake District of England where Nutt would hike and camp with the Oxford Rambling Club. His grandfathers filed patents and played semi-professional baseball, but battled alcohol abuse; his grandmothers were survivors of sorts, one worked in show business and the other in teaching; his older siblings fought teen cannabis abuse after parental divorce.
Stunned to learn once that his body was addicted to a narcotic prescription pain medicine after surgery, Nutt decided to switch from a prescribed narcotic pain medication to Tylenol, walking the 1500 foot Western Wall Tunnel in Jerusalem days later. Earlier in 1986, he walked to the top of the Vatican Dome. With hidden prosthetics, he walked to the top of the U.S. Capitol dome in 1990 and the top of the world's 3rd highest pyramid near Mexico City in 2001 . Technology allowed Nutt to overcome an episode of near blindness in 2010. Nutt jokes, "Everyone has their challenges. Everything has been hip since the hip replacements. As of 2018, I have visited 33 nations. What could be better?"
After nominating Vietnam Veteran Bob Weiland and author, artist, speaker and quadriplegic singer Joni Eareckson Tada for Victory Awards at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. they were guests of First Lady Nancy Reagan at the White House. Nutt co-found the Michigan Tri-County Beat the Odds Awards scholarships recognizing with the Children's Defense Fund more Beat the Odds Scholars in Detroit from 1997 - 2006 than any other major U.S. city.
Nutt is a great-grandson of two (2) deaf Gallaudet University graduates with one related to a Methodist minister and the inventor of baseball's curveball, Candy Cummings, and grandson of a maternal grandmother whose historically Catholic, Jewish, and Messianic Jewish family branches of the Vaillancourt family were dispersed from the Normandy, France area and the Spanish Inquisition era to Montreal and California. The Troya-Nutt Black-Hispanic-Chinese-Indian family is - in his words - "one of the most fun mixed Nutt families imaginable" linking people of all backgrounds and viewpoints, including the Golf Nutts who compete with admitted sports nuts in multi-state golf tournaments for the Nutt Cup Trophy and athlete-ministers from two (2) branches of the family of the U.S. Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman and his grandfather Roger Sherman who conceived of the bicameral form of the legislative branch of the U.S. government.
As noted in the Wall Street Journal, Nutt is a self-described moderate conservative, Nutt believes the research scholar who found that all humanity - each individual - is linked to within six (6) degrees of separation, and that with faith, hope and determination, each person has boundless potential. He aspires to apply lessons learned from amazing people who guided him, including Olympian Jim Stovall, a guest on a 2017 podcast hosted by Nutt. Stovall says, "You change your life when you change your mind." At their alma mater, Oral Roberts University, aerobics were part of school-work-life balance. In his application to work for Dr. Mark W. Cannon, the first incumbent to the position of Counselor to the Chief Justice of the United States, Mr. Nutt quoted the axiom, "The law, it has honored us. May we honor it."